organ donation

Organ Donation -The Indian Perspective

July 7, 2017 Pallavi Madhukar

Organ Donation -The Indian perspective.
The concept of organ donation certainly entails the removal of organs from a donor’s body legally after the death of a person or by approval of family member. Donated organs and tissues can be used to save many live the timely harvest of organs can preserve it well and used for further processing.

The projection of organ transplant in Indian society is dogmatic and this causes severe backlog in medical society, I grew up with this belief that one should go from this world with what we came wit otherwise we will be born without it in our next birth or our closest person will suffer from that organ malfunction, our gods and goddesses don’t approve of it ,reality struck me when I was 14 and my cousin needed a transplant ,we did all the permutation and combination to get a brain dead patient’s family to agree for organ transplant and through sheer luck, transplant .it was successful. My point being is it not a generous deed to provide a chance of survival to another soul struggling for life, to be a legend and live even when your time is complete. The list of waiting patients is so extended in India that maximum casualty DON’T make it to the list and given this is one very complicated process many give up the hope of receive transplant.

In our folklores we are told has 8 lives, do you know even a human can live, by saving eight lives after signing up for organ donation. Multiple organs can be recovered from a single donor. UNOS states that up to 8 lives can be saved after harvesting donated organs from one donor.

In rural area people don’t have knowledge about organ donation and transplants, through Gramin healthcare we are taking an initiative to bring about this awareness in 70 percent of national population and trying to create a culture in which organ donation is a commonplace activity, to provide finance and resource support for those donating, awaiting donation .It can be a revolution as the pragmatic facilitation can improve the organ can be used to create a new facility that can cater to the needs of millions.

What is organ donation?

Organ donation is a process of harvesting organs once a person dies either through prior registration was done or with the permission of a kin.The person giving organs is called a donor and the one receiving is called recipient.

Which organs and tissues can be donated?

As it is said that up to 8 lives can be saved by one person. Vital organs like liver, heart, pancreas, kidney, intestine, lungs can be donated by “brain dead” patients with the requisite approval.Tissues of corneas, heart valve, skin, bones can be donated in the case of natural death.

Who can donate ?

All of us can be organ donors irrespective of age, gender, colour, caste, creed, community and past medical condition. Children can be the donor with the consent of the parent.
Though, active cancer, active  HIV, active infection (for example-sepsis) or intravenous drug use are some of the contra – indications.Patients who have Hepatitis C can donate an organ to those patients who have Hepatitis C. This applies for Hepatitis B – although it’s a rare case scenario.

How patients with organ failure benefit from this?

People who have organ failure issue benefit from it organ transplant of a major organ like heart, lungs, pancreas and various other tissues, though it is a tedious process it does save the life of people they get a second chance to live.

How does this help the donor’s family?

They very concept dwell in giving someone a second chance at life through organ transplant, it gives the grieving family some sort of reconciliation in knowing a fact that the organs donated made life possible for someone.Most families that consent the organ donation have a very positive outlook and take it as a way to heal the loss their loved ones.

Why donate?

So the question is why to donate, though in a country like India there is a stark difference in rural and urban health care still a  potential exist and harnessing of it through imparting the right set of values can motivate people to come forward for and create a system where synergy exists.

Each year thousands of people die in wait for a suitable donor /donated organ.The need of organ transplant has never been this crucial.Medical tech has advanced but the synthesis of an artificial organ is still a no man land, point being procedure exists to transplant the organ but the shortage of it is deterrent.

With a population of 1.2 billion people, the statistics stand at 0.08% as organ donor per million population. This is an extremely small number as compared to statistics around the world.

Countries like UK, USA, Netherlands have a system of consent where the consent of family is required before the organ harvesting is done, but  in countries like Singapore, Belgium, Spain have an approach, they consider it as a  presumed consent, unless the person has opposed it strongly during their lifetime.

We understand that the thought of organ donation just after you have lost someone is difficult to think of but the timely harvest of these organs can save many lives not only is it a generous deed but the thought of giving life to someone is a greater good.

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